Motoring Monday: Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site
Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site
The Pawnee Indian Museum State Historic Site
is an archaeological site and museum located near the city of Republic. At the
site are the remains of a village once occupied in the late 1700s and early
1800s by the Kitkehahki, or Republican, band of the Pawnee tribe.
To protect the site, the land was purchased
in 1875 and then donated in 1901 to the state of Kansas for historic
preservation. Research at that time showed that Zebulon Pike led an expedition
to this site in 1806, seeking allies after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Pike
supposedly persuaded the Indians to take down a Spanish flag and replace it
with a U.S. flag.
A granite monument commemorating the flag
incident was dedicated in 1901. Years later it was discovered that Pike
actually visited a Kitkehahki village in south central Nebraska. The effort was
a fortunate one though; this site was preserved whereas the Nebraska site was